What are the steps of wine production?
Wine production is a delicate process that runs through the entire supply chain, from the vine to the bottle, and includes seven main phases. It is a branched knowledge, made up of different traditions and schools of thought, uses and methods among the most varied. Below is a list of the most common phases of wine production:
As a piece of purely indicative information, we can say that a vine that is healthy and in normal environmental conditions can produce an average of 3 kilograms of grapes per vine.
The quantity may seem considerable if you think that a vineyard is composed of numerous rows of vines. However, the yield of the grapes is never 100% but differs considerably depending on the grape variety and the method of cultivation, ranging between 30% and 70%.
One of the most frequent practices of producers who want to obtain a high-quality wine and which has a considerable influence on the yield of wine production is the so-called green pruning. This ancient technique is essential for the plant to “give its best” and concentrate tastes and aromas in a few grapes full of flavor and nuances. This operation is crucial for the production of good quality Nebbiolo. Contrary to what one might initially think, often the objective of working in the vineyard is to limit the production of grapes, trying to concentrate all the good quality in a few bunches, obviously without the plant being affected. The search for a balance between quality and quantity is, therefore, essential.
Another concept to always take into account is that the amount of grapes produced by a vine is not a fixed figure but, on the contrary, it is determined by a series of factors that make it variable. First of all, the natural characteristics of the soil in which the vineyard is located. Even how the vineyard is treated can affect the quantity produced: rows too far apart, or vines with branches too long that can lead to a poorer harvest may lead to different outcomes.
The art of winemaking, therefore, always starts from the care and deep knowledge of the grape variety that is cultivated.